Life expectancy at birth 2014 India lags behind neighbours on key health parameters

Indians are living longer than before, but illness and disability of a very high order and relatively early death remain severe health care challenges.

Life expectancy at birth in India, which was 58.3 in 1990, has gone up to 65.2 in 2010.

However, most of India’s neighbours are ahead on this measure; in 1990, life expectancy was 58.8 years in Nepal, 58.8 in Bhutan, 58.9 in Bangladesh, 62.3 in Pakistan, 69.3 in China, and 72.3 in Sri Lanka.

 Life expectancy at birth in 2010 was 65.7 years for Pakistan, 69.0 for Bangladesh, 69.2 for Nepal, 69.4 for Bhutan, 75.5 for Sri Lanka, and 75.7 for China.

These are some of the findings from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors 2010 Study (GBD 2010), a collaborative project led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington.

In terms of agestandardised death rate, per 1,00,000 population, India ranked 155 out of 187 countries in 1990. 

(at 143), Nepal (at 142), Bhutan (at 141), Pakistan (at 123), China (at 92), and Sri Lanka (at 45), were all ahead of it.